Drug-fuelled thugs branded two men with hot knives while filming the attack on mobile phones

By Mail Remote Benefit
Updated: 09:10 BST, 10 Eminent 2011
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Marco Polo, one of history’s most prominent explorers, may in certainty have been a conman, it was guaranteed yesterday.
Far from being a merchant who spent a long time in China what’s more, the Far East, he most likely never went further east than the Dark Sea, concurring to a group of archaeologists.
They suspect the Venetian globe-trotter picked up stories about the puzzling lands of the Situate from individual dealers around the Dark Ocean who related stories of China, Japan what’s more, the Mongol Realm in the 13th century.
Travelling trickster? Marco Polo may have manufactured his encounters by utilizing other people’s stories
He at that point put the stories together in a book which indicates to be his account of his ventures between 1271 what’s more, 1291. It subtle elements his relations with Kublai Khan, the Mongol ruler.
But presently an Italian group of archeologists contemplating in Japan have cast questions about one of their country’s national legends – despite the fact that there have been contending claims to him from Croatia, which contends he was conceived there.
Following the research, Teacher Daniele Petrella of the College of Naples told Italian history magazine Center Storia there were numerous irregularities what’s more, mistakes in Marco Polo’s depiction of Kublai Khan’s intrusions of Japan in 1274 what’s more, 1281.

‘He befuddles the two, blending up points of interest about the to begin with endeavor with those of the second,’ Teacher Petrella said.
‘In his account of the to begin with invasion, he depicts the armada taking off Korea what’s more, being hit by a typhoon some time recently it come to the Japanese coast,’ said Teacher Daniele Petrella of the College of Naples, the pioneer of the paleontology team.
‘But that happened in 1281 – is it truly conceivable that a gathered eye witness could befuddle occasions which were seven a long time apart?’

Extraordinary trip: Hailed as one of the most prominent pilgrims of history, archeologists are suspicious of how honest to goodness Marco Polo’s stories are
Polo’s depiction of the Mongol armada did not square with the remains of ships the archeologists exhumed in Japan, as he had composed of ships with five masts, while those which had been found had as it were three.

‘It was amid our burrow that questions started to develop about much of what he wrote,’ included Teacher Petrella.
‘When he portrays Kublai Khan’s armada he talks about the pitch that was utilized to make ships’ bodies watertight. He utilized the word ‘chunam’, which in Chinese what’s more, Mongol implies nothing.
‘In fact, it is the Persian word for pitch. It’s too odd that instead of using, as he does in most instances, nearby names to depict places, he utilized Persian terms for Mongol what’s more, Chinese put names.’
The pilgrim guaranteed to have worked as an emissary to the court of Kublai Khan, yet his name does not edit up in any of the surviving Mongol or, on the other hand Chinese records.
The well known travel book was said to have been directed by Polo to a individual detainee named Pisa while he was in imprison after returning from his adventures, what’s more, to be reasonable to Polo, it is thought Pisa adorned numerous of the stories.
But the most recent claims back those  made in a book by English scholastic Frances Wood in 1995 entitled ‘Did Marco Polo go to China?’.  She contended he never got past the Dark Ocean what’s more, that his acclaimed account was a accumulation of travellers’ tales.
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